Acne is a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil by the oil glands of the skin.The oil that normally lubricates the skin gets trapped in blocked oil ducts and results in what we know as pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads on the surface of skin. Sometimes it also includes deeper skin lesions that are called cysts.
Pimples are small skin swellings that sometimes contain pus. Blackheads are dark formations on the skin due to an accumulated mixture of oil and cells in a blocked skin pore.
Whiteheads are small flesh-or white-colored bumps due to skin pore blockage.
Cysts are closed sacs beneath the skin or deeper that contain fluid or semisolid substances.
1) Topical treatment is adequate for mild acne. This works by exfoliating the skin and de-plugging the follicles. These treatments include:
Agera Salicylic Wash which contains Salicylic acid and special hydrating agents.
Agera Acne Shield which contains 2% Salicylic acid, 12% ascorbic acid and prostaglandin inhibitors to counteract the infection and inflammation associated with acne.
Agera Peptide Antibac which contains and microbial enzyme to counteract infection.
Topical Antibiotics e.g Clindamycin and Arethromycin to kill bacteria in mild to moderately severe acne.
RetinA Cream to reduce the number of comedomes – acne lesions.
2) Oral treatment with antibiotics, retinoids or hormones is prescribed for moderate or severe acne.
Antibiotics i.e. Minocin, Doxycycline are used by the Clinic sometimes used during the infective phase of an outbreak. Anti-androgen i.e Dianette is used in females resistant to antibiotics, with moderate to severe acne. Roaccutane to reduce sebum production, inhibits bacteria and is anti-inflammatory and is used if the condition is severe or unresponsive to normal treatment.
3) Aurora Laser system, recently approved by the FDA for treatment of moderate acne vulgarise.
This treatment is very safe. Recent advances in laser technologies mean this laser can now be used for acne in all skin types and in the treatment of acne scarring.
4) Blue Light Photo Dynamic Therapy. The blue laser light works by killing the P. acne bacteria that causes acne breakouts. The light kills the ones deep inside as well as the ones closer to the outer skin. It basically activates a ‘self-destruct’ system in the P. acne cell and destroys itself. There is no ultraviolet light involved which caused some skin scarring in the past, so it is safe.
Ellipse treatment for acne reduces the blood supply to the sebaceous gland, slowing down the production on sebum. The light also has the ability to kill off the acne’s bacteria directly.
With successive treatments, the rate of acne destruction can become greater than the growth of the bacteria leading to a reduction in the inflamed lesions, and can prevent further traumatic scarring.
By heating up the capillaries this will reduce the blood flow to the sebaceous glands and decrease the over production of oil in the skin.
The best results are achieved on inflammatory acne – red, aching, raised pimples. It is important your skin does not have any recent suntan.
Our bodies produce a hormone called androgen, which stimulates our sebaceous glands to produce an oily substance called sebum. An overproduction of sebum can block pores, trapping the oil. Skin bacteria (P.acnes) that feed on and break down sebum also become trapped, and the mixture of hair protein, sebum, and fatty acids produced by the bacteria irritate the walls of the hair follicle causing inflammation.
Ellipse treatment reduces the blood supply to the sebaceous gland, slowing down production of sebum. The light also has the ability to kill some of the P acnes bacteria directly. To do this, short, safe bursts of intense pulsed light (called Ellipse IPL, but often referred to as a laser) are directed at the skin. The system filters the light to ensure the wavelengths used are absorbed by haemoglobin in the fine blood vessels that supply the sebaceous glands.
It takes approximately 60 flashes to treat the full face. Including consultation and preparation, you should count on 20 minutes in the clinic. A typical course of therapy includes four treatments, three weeks apart.
The best results are achieved on inflammatory acne– red, aching, raised pimples. It is important your skin does not have a recent suntan.
No anaesthetics are required, and many patients describe the treatment as practically pain-free.
The light used is completely safe, visible light, so no special precautions are necessary. Ellipse acne treatment is a combination therapy, so in the clinic you will be given a tube of adapalene cream or gel (in most countries branded Differin®) to apply once every evening to the acne-affected area. Adapalene works by reducing the inflammation caused by acne, and by reducing (normalising) the thickness of the skin in the treated area. You will learn more from the doctor who will prescribe adapalene. Generally, no special care is necessary after treatment, but people with sensitive skin may benefit from applying a cold compress (a cold damp cloth) to the face immediately after treatment or from using an ointment prescribed by the doctor.
You may notice some general redness on the face following the treatment. If you have sun-damaged skin, some of the pigmented spots may turn darker and eventually disappear. Because the bacteria are difficult to eradicate completely, your doctor will probably recommend that you continue using adapalene cream for some months after Ellipse treatment has ended. If you have a future acne outbreak, Ellipse treatment can be repeated. Although results vary from person to person, you should expect more acne lesions to clear compared to adapalene alone, and a faster clearance rate. Please talk to your physician about what results you can expect.
Clinical trials documenting Ellipse safety and effectiveness were carried out by leading doctors prior to the launch of the treatment, and these were published in respected medical journals.