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Acne is a skin condition that occurs due to the overproduction of oil by the oil glands of the skin.The oil that normally lubricates the skin gets trapped in blocked oil ducts and results in what we know as pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads on the surface of skin. Sometimes it also includes deeper skin lesions that are called cysts.
Pimples are small skin swellings that sometimes contain pus. Blackheads are dark formations on the skin due to an accumulated mixture of oil and cells in a blocked skin pore.
Whiteheads are small flesh-or white-colored bumps due to skin pore blockage.
Cysts are closed sacs beneath the skin or deeper that contain fluid or semisolid substances.
For acne scarring we us Onix Radiofrequency Microneedling.
1) Topical treatment is adequate for mild acne. This works by exfoliating the skin and de-plugging the follicles. These treatments include:
Agera Salicylic Wash which contains Salicylic acid and special hydrating agents.
Agera Acne Shield which contains 2% Salicylic acid, 12% ascorbic acid and prostaglandin inhibitors to counteract the infection and inflammation associated with acne.
Agera Peptide Antibac which contains and microbial enzyme to counteract infection.
Topical Antibiotics e.g Clindamycin and Arethromycin to kill bacteria in mild to moderately severe acne.
RetinA Cream to reduce the number of comedomes – acne lesions.
2) Oral treatment with antibiotics, retinoids or hormones is prescribed for moderate or severe acne.
Antibiotics i.e. Minocin, Doxycycline are used by the Clinic sometimes used during the infective phase of an outbreak. Anti-androgen i.e Dianette is used in females resistant to antibiotics, with moderate to severe acne. Roaccutane to reduce sebum production, inhibits bacteria and is anti-inflammatory and is used if the condition is severe or unresponsive to normal treatment.
3) Aurora Laser system, recently approved by the FDA for treatment of moderate acne vulgarise.
This treatment is very safe. Recent advances in laser technologies mean this laser can now be used for acne in all skin types and in the treatment of acne scarring.
4) Blue Light Photo Dynamic Therapy. The blue laser light works by killing the P. acne bacteria that causes acne breakouts. The light kills the ones deep inside as well as the ones closer to the outer skin. It basically activates a ‘self-destruct’ system in the P. acne cell and destroys itself. There is no ultraviolet light involved which caused some skin scarring in the past, so it is safe.
Ellipse treatment for acne reduces the blood supply to the sebaceous gland, slowing down the production on sebum. The light also has the ability to kill off the acne’s bacteria directly.
With successive treatments, the rate of acne destruction can become greater than the growth of the bacteria leading to a reduction in the inflamed lesions, and can prevent further traumatic scarring.
By heating up the capillaries this will reduce the blood flow to the sebaceous glands and decrease the over production of oil in the skin.
The best results are achieved on inflammatory acne – red, aching, raised pimples. It is important your skin does not have any recent suntan.